February 18, 2014
Member states agreed their position on aviation ETS ahead of the negotiations with the European Parliament and the Commission. As far as the geographic scope is concerned, the Council supports an intra-EEA scheme until 2020. Previously, on 30 January, the Parliament’s Environment Committee voted 46-6-1 to include intercontinental flights in the Emissions Trading Scheme for the segments of the flights within EU airspace. If adopted, the policy will replace the “stop the clock” regime, which suspended ETS for these flights pending an international agreement.
According to the Environment Committee’s vote, the airspace approach would apply 2014-2016, preceded by an intra-EEA scope.
MEPs also pointed out that if the International Civil Aviation Organization does not adopt a full agreement in 2016, ETS will apply in full to all flights into and out of Europe. “We need to be prepared to fully implement our scheme after 2016 in case there is no global agreement. This would mean that we also cover intercontinental flights in full under our scheme. If there is a substantial agreement at the ICAO in 2016 we need to reconsider the situation,” said MEP Peter Liese, rapporteur for the proposal.
Negotiations between Parliament and member states to reach a final agreement will now start. A final vote on the plan is expected in the full Parliament in April.
The aviation industry supports a global framework under ICAO as the most appropriate means to address CO2 emissions from international aviation. Boeing believes as well that the best approach to reducing aviation emissions is a global approach and is of the view that the previous “stop the clock” proposal represented a pragmatic step in the direction to allow a more constructive dialogue in the ICAO negotiations towards a global sectoral agreement on aviation emissions.